Research

Research

The main focus of our research is energy storage systems for automotive, grid, and off-grid applications. We also have a small secondary focus on electrical machines. You can find out more about our specific themes by clicking through the pictures below. Lithium-ion batteries are a key area, but we also investigate lead-acid and sodium-ion batteries, supercapacitors, flow batteries, and fuel cells. We collaborate widely with industry; many of our partners are at the bottom of this website.

There are many interesting challenges for the large-scale uptake of electrochemical energy storage including system integration, degradation, thermal management and dynamic modelling. Operating devices outside safe limits of temperature, voltage and current may lead to catastrophic failure. Moreover, integration into higher-level vehicle and grid environments is challenging because properties of interest such as state of charge and state of health are not directly measurable. Performance also deteriorates as a result of various degradation mechanisms and the complexity and interactions of these mechanisms make it difficult to predict decreases in battery capacity and power capabilities accurately.